Slave Schedules, Take Two

I confronted my first slave schedule during my early stages of my research and it was a tough document to go through.


The above image is from the United States 1850 Slave Schedule in Calhoun County, Florida. Featured is slave owner William H. Flower. I doubt Mr. Flowers was the owner of Harry Flowers; however, he is the only slave holder in Florida bearing the Flower(s) surname (. According to the 1920 Federal Census, Harry’s father was born in Georgia and Calhoun County is relatively close to the state’s border; however, it is not always the case that slaves took the surname of their owner. I cannot come to such a quick conclusion, but we will keep Mr. William Flowers in mind. He owned two slaves by October 18,  1850, a female of the age of 40 and a young male the age of seven. No names are ever listed, just an owner and his “property” with their sex, age, color, and details concerning whether the slave was a former fugitive, number of slaves manumitted (freed), and if they were deaf, dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic. There are times when you come across a slave owner who fills an entire page and even a few who only own one or two slave, but regardless of the number, it is still a tough document to process for they were people. With that, we will begin the tedious, but NOT IMPOSSIBLE TASK, of tracing Harry to his slave owners through the Llambias slave owners and the Pappy slaves they owned.

As you might remember, the four bachelor Llambias brothers, Jerome (28), Dale (22), Johnny (25), and Antonio (30), resided with their mother and sister, Anna and Barbara, in 1850. Anna Llambias, at that time, owned seven slaves (2 Females, 5 males) of the following ages, 1, 3, 6, 8, 10, 32, and 75. All were listed as mulatto.



In 1860, Antonio, her son, was listed as the slave owner of nine slaves, six males and three females of the following ages, 3, 8, 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 41, and 70. The ones highlighted in bold are the slaves I believe the Llambias previously owned in 1850. Again they are all listed as mulatto.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

The Pappy brothers, when they were owned by the Llambias brothers, in 1860 would have been between the ages of 15 and 19. There is always the question of whether these brothers even knew there ages. They could have rightly assumed one was simply older than another or even change their ages in order to be enlisted. OR they are telling the truth about their ages listed on their registrations.

Antonio Pappy was a slave before the war, the property of the Llambias family of four bachelor brothers. Antonio Pappy, his father, mother, and four brothers, were apparently all servants to the four Llambias brothers. Although it is not stated in the record, Pappy must have remained in St. Augustine after the town was occupied by Union forces in March 1862. His enlistment in the USCI did not happen until April 1864. Two of his brothers served in the same company and regiment.


“When I enlisted and before that I lived here in St. Augustine. I was born and brought up here. I did not have any Doctor before the war. I never had any treatment, never done anything for my aches and pains before the war, it never used to bother me any, just little streaks of pains. I never was laid up with it before the war. I was a slave and belonged to Llambias. There were four brothers and they all lived together and we all lived right in the yard with them and I did not belong to any particular one. They were named, Tony, Jerome, Johnny and Dale. They are all dead. They were all bachelors and they did not have families. My father and mother are dead. There were no fellow servants only our own family. I have three brothers living, one older and two younger. They are named John, Dowings and Alfonse. John has lost an eye from Neuralgia. Yes, he has rheumatism so that he has to lay up, he has been laid up twice this winter. There is nothing wrong with Dowings. Alfonse has Locomotar Alexia. He has had that two years. My father and mother did not have rheumatism. My father died with consumption. My mother died of old age.”

Antonio Pappy

There are issues that arise. Note the names Antonio gives in his pension case-Tony, Jerome, Johnny, and Dale. I am going to assume Tony is short for Antonio. Also note the additional sibling from the omniscient introduction it is said he has four brothers, but in his description it is said he has three brothers living John, Dowings, and Alfonse. So what happened to William and Frank. Most importantly, where did the Minorcan last name Pappy come from? Then again the additional brothers do solve the question of who were the other slaves on the schedule.

Clearly, I became distracted in my research, but I was able to do something I never thought I could do by linking slave schedules to the actually individuals. Now to get back on track and find Harry’s slave owners.

Blog at

%d bloggers like this: