When I enlisted and before that I lived here in St. Augustine. I was born and brought up here…I was a slave and belonged to Llambias There were four brothers and they all lived together and we all lived right in the yard with them and I did not belong to any particular one. They were named, Tony, Jerome, Jonny, and Dale. They are all dead. They were all bachelors and they did not have families. My father and mother are dead. There were no fellow servants only our own family. I have three brothers living, one older and two younger. They are named John, Dowings, and Alfonse…My father died with consumption. My mother died of old age.
Antonio Pappy, Deposition B, March 29, 1897
We left off introduced to four bachelor brothers who owned the Pappy family: Tony, Jerome, Johnny, and Dale Llambias. We were also introduced to Antonio Pappy’s living relative–three brothers, John, Dowings, and Alfonse Pappy. My hope is that the Pappy’s history of slavery will lead us to Harry’s for they were friends who grew up together. If not, well I just discovered another family to conduct research on which is just what I need…
The Llambias Family
Today, the Llambias home is a national landmark within the St. Augustine Town Plan Historic District. Although it is not the oldest building in St. Augustine, this home is one of the few buildings to that date back to Spanish colonial times. The home was originally owned by Pedro Fernandez in the late 1700s and acquired by the Llambias family in the 800s. Owned by Joseph A. Llambia and Catalina Usina, the married couple would have four boys–Michale George, Joseph Francis, John, and a younger child whose name I do know. This does not match the names of the four bachelor Llambias sons who owned the Pappy brothers prior to the Civil War. Dead end #1.
The surname Llambias is of Minorcan descent. Minorca is a small island off the coast of Spain (no worries I had to Google it as well). Immigrants would sail off from this island to the New World with their eyes set on one destination, the Florida Colony to raise cotton, indigo, silk, olives, and grapes for wine. Minocrans first settled in New Smyrna, Florida and in 1768, Minorcans migrated to St. Augustine. An important characteristic of the Minorcans to note is their surnames. Among the most common surnames is Papi, sometimes spelled Pappy. the Pappys were previously owned and later enslaved within a micro-Minorcan slave trade.
I do not want to dive into a full post about the Minorcan, yet it seems as if the Pappy brothers were owned by descendants of this group. There is a possibly that William, Frank, and Antonio could have been half-Minorcan as well.
As you may note, the brothers are listed as having a brown complexion, brown hair, and gray eyes as oppose to the black, black, and black description typically seen. There differences were noted. Perhaps they were mulatto, half-Black and half-Minorcan (European/Spaniard/white?). Now lets go back to Tony, Jerome, Johnny, and Dale. It took me a while to find a lead, but here is the Llambias in the 1850 Federal Census.
Link (1850 Census)
In 1850, Johnny (25,grocrer), Dale (22,painter), Jerome (clerk,28), and Antonio (carpenter,30) lived with their mother Anna and sister, Barbara. Anna is the daughter-in-law of Joseph and Carina Llambias, the owners of the historic Llambias home. The Llambias’ listed race–mulatto. This changes with the 1885 Florida State Census.
Link (1885 Florida State Census)
In this census, three brothers are listed, Jerome (64), Antonio (65), and Dale (57). All were listed as white. Now, what does this have to do with Harry? Well, I may not have uncover his slave roots, but I found a lead from the Llambias and the 1850 Federal Census–neighbors.
Until the next post,